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Gum Disease and Diabetes

Diagram of dental implant in lower jawGum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a serious condition that can cause extensive damage to the gums and teeth. Not only does chronic gum disease increase the risk of decay and tooth loss, but it has also been linked to other health issues such as heart attacks, stroke, respiratory problems, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.

The main culprit in causing gum disease is bacteria found in dental plaque that accumulates along the gum line when it is not properly or regularly removed by brushing and flossing. Recent studies suggest that there may be a possible correlation between poor oral hygiene habits leading to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes as well.

Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease

According to Dr. Gary S. Cooke at Gresham Dental Excellence, some of the most common symptoms of gum disease include:
•  Bleeding gums
•  Receding gums
•  Bad breath
•  Loose teeth
•  Puffy gums
•  Pain when chewing
•  Visible inflammation on gums

Common Causes of Gum Disease

Some common causes of gum diseases include:

Poor Oral Hygiene

Failure to brush and floss regularly can lead to the accumulation of plaque and tartar on teeth and gums. This buildup can irritate and inflame the gums, leading to gingivitis and eventually periodontitis.


Smoking and using tobacco products can weaken the immune system and reduce the body's ability to fight off infections, including those in the gums.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes that occur during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can increase the risk of gum disease. These changes can cause the gums to become more sensitive and susceptible to inflammation.


Some people may be more prone to gum disease due to their genetic makeup. If there is a history of periodontal disease in your family, you may be at a higher risk of developing the condition.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and cancer, can increase the risk of gum disease. Medications used to treat these conditions can also cause dry mouth, which can lead to gum disease by reducing saliva flow and allowing bacteria to thrive.

The Link Between Diabetes and Gum Disease

As per the research, there is an existing bi-directional relationship between diabetes and gum disease. Diabetics have a higher risk of developing gum disease due to their decreased ability to fight off infections, and gum disease can also make it more difficult for diabetics to control their blood sugar levels.

Inflammation in the gums caused by gum disease can lead to insulin resistance. Additionally, high blood sugar levels in diabetics can lead to an overgrowth of harmful bacteria in the mouth, increasing the risk of gum disease.

Our dentist, Dr. Gary S. Cooke, recommends prioritizing oral health and practicing good dental hygiene to reduce the risk of developing gum disease and other related health complications.

Schedule a Consultation Today

Discovering gum disease early is an important step in maintaining your oral health. To schedule a consultation at Gresham Dental Excellence, call us at (971) 431-7292 today.
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Gum Disease and Diabetes • Dentist Gresham
Diabetes is a serious condition affecting millions of people worldwide. If you would like to know more, find out from Gresham Dental Excellence here.
Gresham Dental Excellence, 490 East Powell Blvd, Gresham, OR 97030 / (971) 431-7292 / / 6/13/2024 / Related Phrases: dentist Gresham OR /